Sindrom Felty – Diagnosis dan Tata Laksana

Putu Stephanie Apriliana Hardika

Abstract

Sindrom Felty merupakan kondisi medis dengan karakteristik trias yaitu artritis reumatoid, neutropenia, dan splenomegali; terjadi pada beberapa kasus artritis reumatoid erosif yang sudah berlangsung lama. Hanya 1 – 3% pasien artritis reumatoid akan berkembang menjadi Sindrom Felty. Peran genetik (HLA-DR4) dan faktor lingkungan berperan dalam terjadinya kondisi ini. Neutropenia persisten dengan hitung neutrofil absolut umumnya kurang dari 1500/mm3 merupakan ciri khas diagnosis Sindrom Felty. Kondisi medis ini biasanya asimtomatik, infeksi lokal serius atau sistemik bisa menjadi petunjuk awal. Terapi farmakologi menggunakan disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs); methotrexate oral dosis rendah menjadi modalitas terapi lini pertama. Splenektomi merupakan upaya terakhir dalam algoritma penatalaksanaan Sindrom Felty.

 

Felty Syndrome is a medical condition characterized by triad of rheumatoid arthritis, neutropenia, and splenomegaly; occurs in few cases of longstanding erosive rheumatoid arthritis. Only 1 – 3% rheumatoid arthritis patient developed Felty Syndrome. Genetic (HLA-DR4) and environmental factors are involved in its pathophysiology. Persistent neutropenia with absolute neutrophil count less than 1500/mm3 is a diagnosis hallmark. Felty syndrome may be asymptomatic, but local serious or systemic infections may be the first clue to the diagnosis. Pharmacological therapy as the first-line therapy use disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) such as oral low dose methotrexate. Surgical approach (splenectomy) is the last resort in Felty Syndrome management.

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