Fibroid Uterus dan Infertilitas

Arif Tantri Hartoyo, Nuring Pangastuti

Abstract

Fibroid uterus (mioma atau leiomioma) adalah tumor monoklonal jinak sel otot polos rahim manusia. Fibroid merupakan tumor uterus yang paling umum dijumpai pada kelompok usia reproduksi. Keberadaannya dapat tanpa gejala, bergejala ringan hingga berat. Faktor risiko fibroid termasuk usia, ras, faktor hormon endogen ataupun eksogen, obesitas, infeksi rahim, serta gaya hidup (diet, konsumsi kafein dan alkohol, aktivitas fisik, stres, merokok). Klasifikasi fibroid mengikuti panduan FIGO untuk leiomioma. Diagnosis berdasarkan tanda dan gejala, pemeriksaan fisik dan penunjang. Fibroid dapat merupakan faktor terjadinya infertilitas antara lain melalui jalur perubahan fisik dan kontraksi uterus, perubahan faktor implantasi, ataupun zona junctional endometrium.

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