Diagnosis dan Tata Laksana Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Prayogi Miura Susanto

Abstract

Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) merupakan penyakit kulit autoimun kronik-residif akibat proses sekunder hipersensitivitas terhadap gluten. Kejadian DH tinggi pada populasi dengan predisposisi genetik HLA-DQ2 atau DQ8. Manifestasi klinis DH berupa lesi polimorfik ruam papulo-vesikular atau papul-eskoriasi didominasi rasa gatal. Baku emas diagnosis DH adalah pada pemeriksaan DIF didapatkan deposit imunoglobulin (Ig)-A granular di stratum papila dermis. Diet bebas gluten
merupakan tata laksana utama. Dapson menjadi obat pilihan pertama. Prognosis baik dengan diagnosis dan tata laksana yang tepat.

 

Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a chronic-recurrent autoimmune skin disease caused by secondary hypersensitivity to gluten. The incidence of DH is high in population with genetic predisposition to HLA-DQ2 or DQ8. Clinical manifestations of DH are polymorphic lesions, papulo-vesicular rash or papules-excoriations, dominated by itching. The gold standard for diagnosis is the presence of granular immunoglobulin (Ig)-A deposits in the stratum papilla dermis on DIF examination.
A gluten-free diet is the mainstay of treatment. Dapsone is the drug of choice. Prognosis is good with proper diagnosis and treatment. Prayogi Miura Susanto.
Diagnosis and Management of Dermatitis Herpetiformis

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References

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